Photo Credit: John Sullivan

Willow Run has a deep history of innovation and was initially built by Henry Ford as an advanced aircraft manufacturing facility during World War II. It was redeveloped by General Motors in the 1950s as a powertrain plant that operated until 2010.

Riveting a center wing section for a B-24E (Liberator) bomber in the horizontal position at Ford’s big Willow Run plant.  National Archives and Records Administration, 196387.

Now, it will become the premiere national facility for mobility and advanced automotive testing and product development.

The center is uniquely positioned to accommodate the broad needs of industry and government with its capabilities to test vehicles, roads, infrastructure and communication systems, while providing room to grow and adapt as technology dictates. The site comes with a number of desirable features and structures already in place including double overpasses, a railroad crossing and a highway loop to test at sustained highway speeds. Testing can occur during all four seasons, day and night, in sun, rain, ice and snow. These elements help to create the perfect environment for testing and setting national standards for mobility technologies before vehicles and other products are deployed. The center will also serve as a development facility that will allow companies to lease space for office and research use, garages and other amenities.

The American Center for Mobility will expand the region’s business incubation and acceleration capabilities while bringing great economic opportunity to southeast Michigan and the United States.

The reactivation of the Willow Run site reinforces Michigan’s global position as the automotive leader while creating new innovations that will drive the future of mobility.

American Center for Mobility Leads Collaborative Study on CAV Truck Platooning

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded program will examine fuel-efficient platooning in mixed traffic highway environments, communication systems reliability in adverse weather scenarios and validate simulation models

YPSILANTI TWP., Mich., Sept. 24, 2018 — The American Center for Mobility (ACM) has gathered a team of organizations representing defense, academia and the public sector to further research and test automated convoy platooning in a two-year study that will feature both military and commercial grade trucks.

The study aims to autonomously control an entire fleet of vehicles—throttle, brake and steering—while optimizing fuel efficiency and safety. A study of this proposed scope has not been attempted before; if completed successfully, it will be the first of its kind in the nation.

Participating organizations have led multiple years of research, development, design, build, and test efforts in connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) and include: Auburn University (Auburn, Ala.), University of Michigan-Dearborn (Dearborn, Mich.), Michigan Department of Transportation (Lansing, Mich.), the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (Golden, Colo.) and the United States Army and Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) (Warren, Mich.).

“This is an unprecedented study with extensive implications as the project touches on many aspects of the CAV ecosystem,” said Jeff Rupp, chief technical officer for ACM. “Automated truck platooning promises increased fuel efficiency, improved safety and greater throughput on America’s roads. This project is an important step to commercializing and safely deploying the technology.”

Experts predict it will take seven to 10 years for autonomously controlled trucks to be safely deployed. Working collaboratively, the group has identified and pooled resources to address deficiencies in prior platooning work studies that will contribute to shortening that window, while also realizing additional opportunities for testing in controlled environments and on public roads.

“Unmanned driving has the potential to be a breakthrough capability that can enhance our mission efficiency many times over, and the potential that advancing this work at ACM brings is extraordinary,” says Bernie Theisen, Ground Vehicle Robotics, United States Army and Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center.  “But what we’re most excited and passionate about are the safety advances we can make here and with our other partners.”

ACM’s purpose-built facility will be used to test increased reliability of multi-truck convoys traveling at highway speeds on elevated on-ramps, bridges, overpasses and tunnels in mixed vehicle traffic scenarios. NREL will leverage extensive previous experience precisely quantifying efficiency impacts of advanced vehicle technologies to ensure confidence in the detailed measurements for this study.

“This is another example of the collaboration that makes Michigan a leader in deploying technology for advanced mobility,” said Kirk Steudle, Michigan Department of Transportation director and interim CEO at the American Center for Mobility. “Truck platooning will pay safety and environmental benefits that we can only begin to imagine.”

“We are proud to partner with the American Center for Mobility and these exemplary organizations to move forward with this first-of-its-kind study. Working together will allow us to more effectively tackle the challenges of connected and autonomous vehicles,” said Tony England, dean, UM-Dearborn College of Engineering and Computer Science. “UM-Dearborn was founded with a spirit of collaboration and innovation; and today, faculty members like Professor Paul Richardson and Associate Professor Sridhar Lakshmanan carry on that legacy as their work positions us — and our students — at the forefront of CAV and mobility.”

“Truck platooning technology has the potential to make our streets safer and increase efficiency in the transportation industry. Those are the kind of transformational research outcomes that drive us at Auburn Engineering,” said Christopher B. Roberts, dean of Auburn University’s Samuel Ginn College of Engineering. “Our college is committed to staying at the forefront of this area of research, and we are excited to partner with organizations that share this commitment.”

Barring any unforeseen circumstances, participating organizations will conclude the study with a high-speed truck convoy demonstration staged at ACM to showcase the achievements during the two-year project.

About ACM
The American Center for Mobility is a non-profit testing, education and product development facility for future mobility, designed to enable safe validation and self-certification of connected and automated vehicle technology and future mobility, and to accelerate the development of voluntary standards. ACM is one of 10 U.S. DOT designated Automated Vehicle Proving Grounds in the U.S. ACM is also part of PlanetM, a collaborative that represents Michigan’s unique and vast ecosystem, connecting resources and opportunities for its consortium of members. To learn more about ACM, visit


For more information, please contact:

Tracey L. Shavers Jr.


Past Releases:

Siemens and ACM announce expanded partnership to advance the next generation of connected vehicles

American Center for Mobility Announces Kirk Steudle as Interim President, CEO

Automated Vehicles will Create a Shift in Workforce Demands

Toyota Research Institute Joins Study of Workforce Impact from Automated Vehicles

American Center for Mobility establishes partnership with international proving grounds,harmonizes CAV testing protocols and best practices

Siemens strengthens position in connected and autonomous vehicles through partnership with American Center for Mobility

IEEE and American Center for Mobility Agree to Collaborate on Technical Standards for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles

American Center for Mobility, State of Michigan Celebrate Grand Opening

Adient announces partnership with the American Center for Mobility

American Center for Mobility Partners with MSU, Texas A&M Transportation Institute on Workforce Study

Snyder and Michigan tout American Center for Mobility’s rapid growth, success at NAIAS

American Center for Mobility Open for Testing

American Center for Mobility announces Intertek will serve as its operations and maintenance partner

Visteon Partners with American Center for Mobility as Founding Member, Driving Development of Autonomous Vehicles

Hyundai America Technical Center Invests $5 Million in American Center for Mobility

American Center for Mobility Leads Collaborative Effort on Education, Workforce Development with 15 Michigan Colleges and Universities

American Center for Mobility Issues Request for Partnership to Develop HQ, Labs

Ford Motor Co. pledges $5 million to support the American Center for Mobility

U.S. DOT New Automated Driving Systems Guidance in Alignment with American Center for Mobility

Toyota to Collaborate with the American Center for Mobility

American Center for Mobility CEO Testifies on Self-Driving Vehicles for U.S. Senate Committee

American Center for Mobility signs agreements with Institute of Transportation Engineers, SAE International in effort to fast-track connected, automated vehicle standards

Angelo lafrate Construction Company awarded $24 million contract for connected, automated vehicle test bed

American Center for Mobility designated by US Department of Transportation as national automated vehicle proving ground

AT&T and the American Center for Mobility Fuel the Future of Automated Driving

Snyder and Michigan celebrate American Center for Mobility groundbreaking at Willow Run (PDF)

The American Center for Mobility Supports Federal AV Guidance (PDF)

Agreement Reached on Willow Run Purchase (PDF)